Plumbers are often the first tradesperson called upon for plumbing emergencies or standard services. These services can range from fixing clogged toilets to repairing burst pipes. Plumbers may also need to cut holes in walls and hang steel supports from ceiling joints. Most plumbers train through an apprenticeship program under an experienced plumber. They then learn about common plumbing fixtures, such as sinks and toilets. During the apprenticeship program, plumbers may also have the opportunity to work with other tradesmen, including electricians and builders.


Plumbing requires physical strength, good motor skills, and flexibility. As plumbers typically work in dimly lit areas with small tools and gauges, they also must have excellent vision. Plumbing careers have a solid job outlook, with the Bureau of Labor Statistics projecting a 15% increase in employment between 2016 and 2026. Like many other construction careers, however, plumbing jobs depend on the health of the economy. If you’re interested in becoming a plumber, take a look at the job description.

Apprentice plumbers are the lowest-paid of all plumbing trades, but they have a great opportunity to earn while they learn on the job. As an apprentice, plumbers are paid by the hour on job sites. Apprentice wages begin at 50% of the average hourly wage of a journeyperson, and they increase during their apprenticeship. In many states, journeyman plumbers can own their own plumbing business. Some states require plumbers to be certified in specialties.

Plumbing also includes irrigation. In addition to valve devices, irrigation allows plants to grow. Moreover, it benefits wide garden spaces. Gas fitting involves pipes, flues, and a control system. Sanitation is another key objective of plumbing, and plumbers are responsible for installing sinks in bathrooms and kitchens. Lastly, plumbers are responsible for repairing and maintaining sanitation systems in homes. All work performed by a plumber is done safely and with extreme care.

The first step toward becoming a plumber is to obtain a high school diploma. Plumbing apprenticeships vary in length, but most states require at least four years of classroom training. After completing the apprenticeship, aspiring plumbers can pursue different plumbing training programs such as trade school, vocational education, and certification programs. Moreover, many employers prefer candidates with plumbing experience, which can be acquired through apprenticeships and internships. Finally, plumbers need to earn a state license. Apprentices must complete required testing and satisfy minimum educational requirements.

Plumbing contractors must meet certain qualifications and have at least a Certificate IV in Plumbing. The dangers associated with plumbing include the risk of infection and infectious diseases. If pipes are clogged with water, they could damage walls and ceilings. Likewise, a backed-up sewage line can cause serious damage to the floor and foundation of the home. To avoid these risks, plumbers must have a certificate in plumbing and be licensed by their state.

Apprenticeship training programs for plumbers vary in length across countries, with most provinces requiring applicants to be at least 16 years old and complete Grade 12 education. Apprenticeship programs also require students to take mathematics courses. While there are differences in requirements, most apprenticeship programs consist of four twelve-month periods, with at least 6,000 hours of on-the-job training, four eight-week blocks of technical training, and a final certificate exam. Plumbers must be flexible in their schedules, as their workdays are often unpredictable.

In most states, plumbers need a high school diploma to become licensed to work independently. While on-the-job training is a necessary requirement, it is also highly beneficial to attend a technical school. Technical school courses include pipe system design, safety, and tool use. Plumber apprenticeship programs typically take about four to five years to complete. Upon completion of the program, apprentices are known as journey workers. Additional years of experience and courses can lead to a master’s status.

Salaries for plumbers vary. They can earn as much as $59,880 per year. This includes overhead and union dues. Most plumbers earn between $50 and $99,920 per year. They may also charge a flat fee, although it depends on the type of plumbing work. There are several types of plumbing jobs that a plumber can complete for a homeowner. They may also be employed in government-owned buildings or undertake contracts.

Plumbing contractors and plumbers are the two most important tradespeople for home improvement. Plumbing contractors perform minor plumbing repairs and provide advice on remodeling projects. They also help homeowners comply with building and ADA codes and can even provide a final inspection for their work. The plumber is the first professional homeowner contact in an emergency. They also offer professional guidance for homeowners in planning a new home. This includes assisting with home renovation projects, such as kitchen and bathroom upgrades.